S-class W202 Mercedes

1993-2000 of release

Repair and car operation



W202 Mercedes
+ 1.2. General information
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Greasing system
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Heating, ventilation
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Fuel system
+ 9. Transmission
- 10. Running gear
   - 10.1.2. Shock-absorbers
      10.1.2.1. Check and utilization of shock-absorbers
   + 10.1.3. Forward springs
   10.1.4. Stabilizer of cross-section stability
   + 10.2. Zadny Bridge
   10.3. Why the shock-absorber is necessary
   10.4. Types of shock-absorbers
   10.5. Additional protection of spherical hinges of steering drafts
   10.6. "Cunning" bolts and nuts
+ 11. Steering
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Electric equipment
+ 14.2. Electroschemes








b47c026d b47c026d


10.1.2.1. Check and utilization of shock-absorbers

GENERAL INFORMATION

During a trip it is possible to determine malfunction of shock-absorbers by the following signs:

 – the long fluctuations of a body caused by roughnesses of the road;
 – a body swing on two following one after another road hillocks;
 – jumping of wheels on the normal road;
 – car breakthrough when braking (it can be caused and other reasons);
 – a road incontience on turns, drift;
 – strong knocks;
 – the increased wear of tires with bald places on a protector.

The shock-absorber can be checked effort of a hand. Exact definition of degree of wear possibly only by means of adaptations: a rod tester (the shock-absorber does not act in film) or the test car of shock-absorbers.

Shock-absorber check by effort of a hand

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Remove the shock-absorber.
2. 3 times in assembled form stretch and compress the shock-absorber. During all course the shock-absorber should move evenly hard, without breakthroughs, besides, without undesirable noise.
3. Completely move a shock-absorber rod, then release it. The rod should be put forward outside with uniform speed.
4. At excellent job insignificant traces of oil are not the basis for shock-absorber replacement.
5. Replace the shock-absorber at big loss of oil.
6. Put the shock-absorber.

Utilization of shock-absorbers


Prevention

The shock-absorber contains mineral oil, and, for example, in Germany, according to the law on a waste its contents are given together with engine oil.


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To merge oil from the shock-absorber, it is necessary to let out previously from it nonpoisonous gas without color and a smell, having drilled at distance of 20 mm from the basis a hole in diameter of 3 mm.
2. To merge oil, it is necessary to drill a hole in diameter of 5 mm at distance of 60 mm from the basis.